The pump bypass valve, the control pcb and the pilot valve form a valve unit controlling a pump in a pressure supply system with a pressure accumulator. Depending on the system pressure, the valve controls the working cycle of the pump, «load accumulator» or «depressurised bypass». The P-connector is connected to the pressure port of the pump, the A-connector to the pressure line of the system and the T-connector to the pressure-free tank.
The flow of the pump enters the pump bypass valve at the P-connector. In the basic position, the pressure generated by the pump is used to close the 2/2-way valve (2) via the X- and the Z2-line. This has the effect that the non-return valve (1) opens, and the pump flow is supplied to the system via the A – connector.
At the pilot valve, the required pressure value «PE» is set by means of the adjusting screw (3). Depending on the setting value, the springs (4) generate a force pressing the valve piston (6) into the valve seat (7). Thus, the Y-line is shut-off from the X- and Z2-line, and the generated pump pressure closes the 2/2-way valve. The pilot valve changes over, when the hydraulic power resulting from the pressure exceeds the power set at the springs (4) at the A- and thus at the Z1-connector. Then, the piston valve (5) lifts the valve piston (6) off the valve seat (7). Thus, the control surface of the 2/2-way valves (2) is depressurised, it opens and connects the lines «P, T» with each other. Thus, the pump flow is carried pressureless to the tank. Simultaneously, the non-return valve (1) closes and shuts off the backflow from the system. The valve piston (6) remains in the open position until the system pressure at the A-connector falls short of the set pressure value «PE» minus the value of the switching hysteresis; the 2/2-way valve (2) also remains open for this period.